How Locks Work

The simplest form of lock, such as is found in desks and very cheap articles, the bolt is split at the rear, and the upper part bent upwards to form a spring. The under edge has two notches cut in it, separated by a curved excrescence. The key merely presses the bolt upwards against the spring, until the notch, engaging with the frame, moves it backwards or forwards until the spring drives the tail down into the other notch. This primitive device affords, of course, very little security. An advance is seen in the

TUMBLER LOCK.

clip_image001Fig paintball kostenlos downloaden. 213.

The bolt now can move only in a horizontal direction. It has an opening cut in it with two notches (Figs. 213, 214). Behind the bolt lies the tumbler t (indicated by the dotted line), pivoted at the angle on a pin. From the face of the tumbler a stud, s, projects through the hole in the bolt. This stud is forced into one or other of the notches by the spring,s1, which presses on the tail of the tumbler. You can click here for more information download dvd brenner kostenlos.

clip_image002Fig. 214.

In Fig. 213 the key is about to actuate the locking mechanism. The next diagram (Fig. 214) shows how the key, as it enters the notch on the lower side of the bolt to move it along, also raises the tumbler stud clear of the projection between the two notches. By the time that the bolt has been fully “shot,” the key leaves the under notch and allows the tumbler stud to fall into the rear locking-notch jumpin jack spiel kostenlosen.

A lock of this type also can be picked very easily, as the picker has merely to lift the tumbler and move the bolt along. Barron’s lock, patented in 1778, had two tumblers and two studs; and the opening in the bolt had notches at the top as well as at the bottom (Fig. 215). This made it necessary for both tumblers to be raised simultaneously to exactly the right height. If either was not lifted sufficiently, a stud could not clear its bottom notch; if either rose too far, it engaged an upper notch herunterladen. The chances therefore were greatly against a wrong key turning the lock.

clip_image003Fig. 215.—The bolt of a Barron lock.

THE CHUBB LOCK

is an amplification of this principle. It usually has several tumblers of the shape shown in Fig. 216. The lock stud in these locks projects from the bolt itself, and the openings, or “gates,” through which the stud must pass as the lock moves, are cut in the tumblers herunterladen. It will be noticed that the forward notch of the tumbler has square serrations in the edges. These engage with similar serrations in the bolt stud and make it impossible to raise the tumbler if the bolt begins to move too soon when a wrong key is inserted.

clip_image004Fig. 216.—Tumbler of Chubb lock.

Fig. 217 is a Chubb key with eight steps. That nearest the head (8) operates a circular revolving curtain, which prevents the introduction of picking tools when a key is inserted and partly turned, as the key slot in the curtain is no longer opposite that in the lock herunterladen. Step 1 moves the bolt.

clip_image005Fig. 217.—A Chubb key.

In order to shoot the bolt the height of the key steps must be so proportioned to the depth of their tumblers that all the gates in the tumblers are simultaneously raised to the right level for the stud to pass through them, as in Fig. 218. Here you will observe that the tumbler d on the extreme right (lifted by step 2 of the key) has a stud, d s, projecting from it over the other tumblers lms herunterladen. This is called the detector tumbler. If a false key or picking tool is inserted it is certain to raise one of the tumblers too far. The detector is then over-lifted by the stud d s, and a spring catch falls into a notch at the rear. It is now impossible to pick the lock, as the detector can be released only by the right key shooting the bolt a little further in the locking direction, when a projection on the rear of the bolt lifts the catch and allows the tumbler to fall. The detector also shows that the lock has been tampered with, since even the right key cannot move the bolt until the overlocking has been performed.

clip_image006Fig flixbus booking confirmation. 218.—A Chubb key raising all the tumblers to the correct height.

Each tumbler step of a large Chubb key can be given one of thirty different heights; the bolt step one of twenty. By merely transposing the order of the steps in a six-step key it is possible to get 720 different combinations. By diminishing or increasing the heights the possible combinations may be raised to the enormous total of 7,776,000!

clip_image007Fig windows 7 professional deutsch kostenlos vollversion. 219.—Section of a Yale lock.

THE YALE LOCK,

which comes from America, works on a quite different system. Its most noticeable feature is that it permits the use of a very small key, though the number of combinations possible is still enormous (several millions). In our illustrations (Figs. 219, 220, 221) we show the mechanism controlling the turning of the key. The keyhole is a narrow twisted slot in the face of a cylinder, g (Fig cisco webex meetings herunterladen. 219), which revolves inside a larger fixed cylinder, f. As the key is pushed in, the notches in its upper edge raise up the pins a1, b1, c1, d1, e1, until their tops exactly reach the surface of g, which can now be revolved by the key in Fig. 220, and work the bolt through the medium of the arm h. (The bolt itself is not shown.) If a wrong key is inserted, either some of the lower pins will project upwards into the fixed cylinder f (see Fig. 221), or some of the pins in f will sink into g. It is then impossible to turn the key.

clip_image008Fig. 220.—Yale key turning.

There are other well-known locks, such as those invented by Bramah and Hobbs. But as these do not lend themselves readily to illustration no detailed account can be given. We might, however, notice the time lock, which is set to a certain hour, and can be opened by the right key or a number of keys in combination only when that hour is reached. Another very interesting device is the automatic combination lock. This may have twenty or more keys, any one of which can lock it; but the same one must be used to unlock it, as the key automatically sets the mechanism in favour of itself. With such a lock it would be possible to have a different key for every day in the month; and if any one key got into wrong hands it would be useless unless it happened to be the one which last locked the lock.

clip_image009Fig. 221.—The wrong key inserted. The pins do not allow the lock to be turned.

Source: Residential Locksmith In Miami