How To Study Living Animals

Ungulates: Review and Library Exercise

1. Classification of ungulates based upon number of toes, kind of horns, “chewing the cud,” etc herunterladen. Some of the more important families with examples.

Morphology and physiology.

1. The variation in the number and kinds of teeth herunterladen. The dentition (or dental formula) of horse and cow.

2. The various types of horns. Shedding of horns and sexual variation.

3. The structure and function of the stomach of a ruminant microsoft office kostenlos downloaden vollversion deutsch chip. Meaning of the cud-chewing habit.

4. The structure of the stomach of a camel.


1. Ungulates which have been domesticated.

2. Breeds of cattle—their distinguishing marks and valuable points.

3. Breeds of horses—their distinguishing marks and valuable points.

4. Breeds of sheep—their distinguishing marks and valuable points.

5. Breeds of hogs—their distinguishing marks and valuable points.

6. Angora goats.

7. The making of butter and cheese. Kinds of cheese. Substitutes for butter.

8. The packing industry. Ungulates useful as food.

9. The various methods of preserving meat.

10. Cattle ranches and “round-ups.” Free cattle in winter.

11. Cattle raising in your state; in other countries.

12. Transportation of cattle. Stock cars, care and feeding.

13. Useful products derived from ungulates.

14. Tanning. Varieties and use of leather.

15. Diagrams showing chief cuts of meats.

16. Sheep husbandry. Shearing.

17. Ungulates as beasts of burden. Advantages and disadvantages.

18. Government inspection—quarantine.

Natural History.

1. Geographical distribution of ungulates. Habitat and range.

2. Native ungulates of North America.

3. How, when, and by whom cattle and horses were introduced into America.

4. The geological history of the horse.

5. The story of the buffalo.

6. Deer hunting.

7. Methods of protection from enemies among ungulates.

8. Breeding habits and care of young in case of ungulates.

9. Intelligence in the case of horses.

10. Strange and peculiar ungulates to be seen in museums and zoölogical gardens.